Before You Start
1. Critical Concepts about Phonological Awareness
- Phonological awareness is not the same thing as phonics. It is the foundation that makes learning phonics possible!
- Phonological awareness refers to the sounds in language. It includes phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness refers only to the sounds in words.
- Pure phonological awareness skills can be learned blindfolded; however, young children often benefit from pictures to help them understand phonological awareness tasks and activities.
- Always name all the pictures used in an activity before you begin teaching the lesson. This insures that everyone is using the correct word for each picture.
- Phonological awareness skills have a developmental hierarchy that is reflected in the modules of this curriculum. Refer to the Pacing Guide to see the ages at which the various skills usually develop.
- Blending sounds is easier for children than separating sounds. The lessons within the modules reflect this progression. Follow the scope and sequence of this curriculum—do not randomly skip around. You will get better results and less frustration.
- Review and practice previously learned skills while learning new ones. Children enjoy playing games they already know and are good at, and they will experience less frustration.
2. Where to Start
Refer to our Pacing Guide to get an idea of where in the curriculum you should start with your child.
Every child is different, of course, and the appropriate place to start will also depend on what schooling or training your child has already received.